Device for filtering the intake air of internal combustion engines

Abstract

A device for filtering the intake air of internal combustion engines, provided with an expansion box ( 110 ) having an opening ( 12 ), includes: a first filtering tubular element ( 2 ); an upper annular element ( 1 ) provided with an upper annular housing ( 8 ) in which the upper end of the filtering element is fixed ( 2 ); a second filtering element ( 3 ) peripherally fixed to the upper element ( 1 ); supporting means ( 4 ) provided with a lower annular housing ( 9 ), in which the lower end of the filtering element is fixed ( 2 ); a central hole ( 5 ) in flow communication with the opening ( 12 ) in correspondence of an assembling condition M; a flat flange ( 7 ) for fixing the expansion box ( 110 ).

Claims

1 ) Device for filtering the intake air of internal combustion engines provided with an expansion box ( 110 ) having an opening ( 12 ), with a filter ( 10 ) including a first filtering tubular element ( 2 ) and being characterized in that it includes: an upper annular element ( 1 ) consisting of an annular “L” section flange provided with an upper annular housing ( 8 ) in which the upper end of the first filtering element ( 2 ) is fixed; a second filtering element ( 3 ) peripherally fixed to the upper element ( 1 ); supporting means ( 4 ) provided with a lower annular housing ( 9 ), in which the lower end of the filtering element is fixed ( 2 ), a central hole ( 5 ) in flow communication with the opening ( 12 ) in correspondence of an assembling condition M and a flat flange ( 7 ) for fixing the expansion box ( 110 ). 2 ) Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the supporting means ( 4 ) and the upper element ( 1 ) are made of composite material with synthetic matrix strengthened with carbon fibers. 3 ) Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the flange ( 7 ) is approximately elliptical or circular or polygonal shaped. 4 ) Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the flange ( 7 ) has external holes ( 6 ) in which are engaged fixing means ( 13 ) of the expansion box ( 110 ) in correspondence of said assembling condition M. 5 ) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that the second filtering element ( 3 ) is flat and approximately circular shaped. 6 ) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that the second filtering element ( 3 ) is concave or convex with semi-elliptical section. 7 ) Device according to any claims from 1 to 4 characterized in that the second filtering element ( 3 ) has a series of beads fit to increase the filtering surface and the stiffness. 8 ) Device according to claim 7 characterized in that the beads are annular and concentric. 9 ) Device according to any claims from 1 to 4 characterized in that the second filtering element ( 3 ) is approximately conical shaped and has a series of beads along its generating lines. 10 ) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that the filtering elements first ( 2 ) and second ( 3 ) consist of a plurality of cotton layers, soaked of low viscosity oil, interposed between net elements. 11 ) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that it further includes a gasket ( 14 ) which, in the assembling conditions (M, MM) is interposed between the expansion box ( 110 ) and the flange ( 7 ) without interfering with the holes ( 6 ) and with the opening ( 12 ). 12 ) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that the filtering elements first ( 2 ) and second ( 3 ) and the annular housings ( 8 , 9 ) are mutually glued with bi-components synthetic resins. 13 ) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that the filter ( 10 ) is external to the expansion box ( 110 ) in correspondence of the assembling condition (M). 14 ) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that the filter ( 10 ) is almost totally contained inside the expansion box ( 110 ) in correspondence of a second assembling condition (MM).
TECHNICAL FIELD [0001] The present invention relates to filters for filtering the intake air of internal combustion engines. Essentially the invention refers to filters for the intake air of supercharged and aspirated internal combustion engines, particularly of the type used in the races. [0002] Document U.S. Pat. No. 5,685,887 discloses a filter element comprising a filter material having corrugated sectional surface formed in the shape of a cylindrical housing. An upper portion of the cylindrical housing is kept closed, and a lower opening portion is connected to an air suction duct. The upper and lower portions of the cylindrical housing are respectively fixed to a support ring edge member and a ring shaped connecting member of synthetic rubber. The main drawback of said filter element consists in that the ring edge and connecting members are heavy, expensive and not resistant to temperatures higher than the vulcanization temperature of the synthetic rubber. [0003] A further drawback consists in that said connecting member of the filter element can be fixed only externally to an opposite connector of the suction duct. [0004] Document U.S. Pat. No. 5,688,299 discloses an air filter including a base member oval or circular flange shaped, internally provided with fixing screw for the connection to an adequate and specific support. The main drawback of said latter filter consists in that it can be assembled only externally to said specific support. [0005] A further drawback of the known filters consists in that the filtering elements have form and dimensions preset by the characteristics of the relative container or connector and therefore not adjustable. [0006] The known filters for the use in sporting engines, the usually called “sprint filter”, have polyester filtering elements, whose ends have heavy polyurethane flanges and/or caps that are extremely expensive and further cannot withstand temperatures greater than 90° C., because of the used material. These filters are generally truncated cone shaped and they are enclosed in metallic containers shaped as almost conic or truncated-conic portions. [0007] The known filters with the paper filtering elements guarantee a good filtration, because they hold particles bigger than 10 μm, but they have the drawback of an excessive flow resistance for the air flow passing through. [0008] Another drawback of the latter known filters consists in the insufficient filtering surface, due to the conic shape of the filter having wide inclination angles. DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION [0009] The main object of the present invention is to propose a filter for the intake air of internal combustion engines that does not require a special case or container but that is assembled on the expansion box of the intake collector. [0010] A further object of the present invention is to propose a visible and checkable filter from the outside and with an easy and fast assembling and disassembling outise and inside of the expansion box. [0011] A further object is to propose a filter with adjustable geometric features without modifying the fixing or housing means. [0012] A further object is to propose a light filter but at the same time solid, stiff and resistant to temperatures higher than 200° C. [0013] Other object is to propose a filter with a large surface of the filtering elements and low flow resistances of the filtered air. [0014] Further object is to propose a filtering device reliable having a life for a route not less than 150,000 km, however usable with a very low maintenance and easy to dispose because principally made of a natural material. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS [0015] The characteristics of the invention are underlined in the following with particular reference to the attached drawings, in which: [0016] [0016]FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of the filter in an assembled condition in the engine; [0017] [0017]FIG. 2 shows an enlarged longitudinal section view of the filter of FIG. 1; [0018] [0018]FIG. 3 shows a top view of the filter of FIG. 2; [0019] [0019]FIG. 4 shows a plant view of supporting means of the filter of FIG. 2; [0020] [0020]FIG. 5 shows a section view according to the plain V-V of the supporting means of the FIG. 4; [0021] [0021]FIG. 6 shows a section view of two variant of the filter of FIG. 1 in correspondence of the assembling condition; [0022] [0022]FIG. 7 shows a section view of the filter of FIG. 6 in correspondence of a variant of the assembling condition. BEST MODE OF CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION [0023] With reference to the figures from FIGS. 1 to 7 , numeral 10 indicates a filter for the intake air of internal combustion engines, numeral 100 indicates an intake collector of the air and numeral 110 indicates an expansion box of the internal combustion engine. [0024] The filter 10 includes a first filtering tubular element 2 , a second filtering element 3 , an upper annular element 1 and supporting means 4 . [0025] The first filtering elements 2 are tubular shaped, for instance cylindrical or truncated-conical shaped with round or oval or elliptical cross sections, delimited by an upper and a lower end. [0026] The second filtering elements 3 are substantially flat with a circular or oval or elliptical shape. [0027] The first filtering elements 2 have angular or undulated beads in order to stiffen the structure and to increase the surface development. [0028] Both the filtering elements, first 2 and second 3 , are made by interposing between two layers of metallic net, for instance made of aluminum, a plurality, for instance four, of layers of fabric or felt in natural cotton soaked with low viscosity oil, before assembling the filter 10 . [0029] The upper element 1 consists in a circular or elliptical or oval flange having a “L” shaped section whose inside angle carry out an upper annular housing 8 to which the upper ends of the first filtering elements 2 and the external edge of the second filtering elements 3 are fixed. [0030] The supporting means 4 include a lower annular housing 9 , circular or oval or elliptical shaped, to which the lower end of the first filtering elements 2 is fixed. [0031] Furthermore, the supporting means 4 have a central circular hole 5 and an elliptical shaped flat flange 7 with a plurality, for instance three, of external holes 6 for assembling the filter 10 . [0032] It is also provided that the upper element 1 and the supporting means 4 are made in composite material with synthetic matrix strengthened with carbon fibers. [0033] Furthermore the fixing of the first filtering elements 2 to the annular housings, upper 8 and lower 9 , and the fixing of the second filtering means 3 to the upper annular housing 8 is made by gluing with bi-component synthetic resins, for instance epoxidic or polyurethanic. [0034] The collector 100 substantially consists in a duct, for instance a wrinkled flexible or rigid hose, whose ends are connected and in flow communication with the supply elements of the internal combustion engine and with the expansion box 110 . The expansion box 110 substantially consists in a rigid case, for instance cylindrical shaped with elliptical section or parallelepipedal shaped, having a flat portion fixing means 13 consisting, for instance, in stud bolts corresponding to the external holes 6 of the flange 7 and nuts or wing nuts. The expansion box 110 has an opening 12 that, in assembling condition M, mates the hole 5 of the flange 7 . [0035] It is further provided a gasket 14 positioned between the flange 7 and the expansion box 110 in order to guarantee the pneumatic seal. Obviously the gasket 14 , for instance made of synthetic rubber, has no interference with the fixing means and with the opening 12 of air passage of the expansion box 110 . The sealing gasket 14 has also the purpose to share the forces and to uniform the joining pressure between the expansion box 110 and the filter 10 and to reduce the vibrations transmitted to this latter. [0036] The operation provides that the engine intake air flows initially through the filtering elements first and second 2 , 3 which purifies the air from particles and dusts, having dimensions bigger than the filtering capacity of the fabric or oil soaked cotton felt, and in sequence, flows through the expansion box 110 and the collector 100 finally arriving to the supply elements of the internal combustion engine where the air and fuel are mixed. [0037] It is advantageous to underline that it is possible to mount the filter object of the present invention in external position but also in an assembling condition MM in which the filter 10 is

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Patent Citations (1)

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Cited By (7)

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    US-2008289305-A1November 27, 2008Ufi Filters S.P.A.Filtering System for the Air Directed Towards an Internal Combustion Engine Intake
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    US-2015113928-A1April 30, 2015Green Filter USA, Inc.Dual air source automotive air filter systems
    US-8029586-B2October 04, 2011Mann+Hummel GmbhFilter pipeline
    WO-2017165829-A1September 28, 2017K&N Engineering, Inc.Système de filtre à air réutilisable et procédé correspondant